Exhibition Show

The exhibition was a great success and really fun! The show was held on the 14th June in the London Street Gallery in Derry/Londonderry. It will also be running from Monday 17th to Thursday 20th with free admission. (10am to 4pm) Come check it out!

Here’s a link to the London Street Gallery: http://www.londonstreetgallery.org/off-the-cuff.html

Here are some of the pictures I took of the exhibition:


Some close-ups of my origami pop-up book:


I covered a whole sofa with my stuff whilst getting my exhibition ready:


Children Learning

My supervisor came back to me with information on how children learn from his friend. This will be useful and I will be using this information for my end of year report.

Children aged 4-5

Children Learning

With learning at this age, it is mostly all around play based activities and role play etc with some language work. This age group’s retention is quite limited and lessons often have to be repeated again and again. Most often a different approach or extension of it into art/drama/listening/dance/role play to ensure they’ve got the particular lesson, so it often overlaps many areas.

Repetition, repetition and repetition


I believe my project allows children to learn first aid whilst playing a new activity. I will have repetition in my project to help the children remember the lesson. The instruction video will tell the child the steps for taking care of the first aid situation and icons will appear to represent them. At the end all the icons will appear to remind the child. I think I will have the main character go through the steps quickly again just to sum up the steps. Then the child will be given an activity to ensure they retained the information. They will be presented with cards each with one of the icons. They place them in the correct order. If they get stuck the icons will be the marker which is on the pop up piece which is again, more repetition to get the steps across to the children. A card with the icons will also be given to the child to look at again and they can scan the marker at home and watch the scenario again.

More Statistics


  • Children ages 5-6 years old typically can attend to one activity that is of interest to them for around 10-15 minutes at a time and should generally be able to filter out small distractions occurring simultaneously in the environment.
  • They may only be able to attend to an assigned classroom activity for only 5-10 minutes particularly if they find it uninteresting or difficult for them and do not have adult guidance to stay on task.
  • As a guideline some research suggests using a child’s age as a general starting point for the number of minutes a child can attend to a single assigned task…so 5 minutes for a 5-year-old, 7 minutes for a 7-year-old, etc. Small groups of children may be able to play together for 15 minutes or up to a 1/2 hour if they are engaged in novel, interesting play activities. Typically in playschool and junior classes getting children motivated, interested and engaged in the lesson is the key way of holding their attention so the lesson has to have well thought out content, well researched, and within their learning capabilities.
  • It also helps to keep lessons shorter and intersperse movement activities in between your lessons that require sitting and focusing behaviors.
  • Another key to success in sustaining attention with young children is to have a teacher or aide in the classroom who is always able to help with new, difficult or frustrating tasks and who can intervene and provide cues to stay on task.
  • Repetition – 24 repetitions are necessary for 80% of the information to be retained long-term. Repetition need not be tedious, it could be reinforcing the lesson (in this case First Aid) by using role play, drawing, singing, etc…you can pre-expose, prime and preview information as a way to repeat it.
  • Every child’s retention rate and concentration span varies so the times are guidelines, but in and around those mentioned.

How we learn

We learn 10% of what we READ

We learn 20% of what we HEAR

We learn 30% of what we SEE

We learn 50% of what we SEE and HEAR

We learn 70% of what is DISCUSSED WITH OTHERS

We learn 80% of what we EXPERIENCE PERSONALLY

We learn 90% of what we TEACH SOMEONE ELSE

Extra note from Resource

If children are using this for an interactive whiteboard activity it helps as they are moving up and around the room so they focus more. Also a good idea is using images that have something wrong in it for them to correct; eg dangers – so if there were two similar pictures on-screen eg spot the difference. Everything is usually backed up with role play and paired work at this age to gauge if they have absorbed it. Failing that one could always collapse in the class after the lesson and see if any of the tiny people would call for help or just continue playing!

Meeting my Supervisor

I was talking to my supervisor about my project and I got some great help and ideas! It has helped give myself a clear indication of what to do and how to carry it out.


What I need to do is first work out the scenarios for the 4 sections, so far I have 3 done but I still need to figure out the animation for each of them. Getting this done allows me to start the storyboarding for the scenes. I will concentrate on finalising one scene to ensure I get one section done with the AR working, then if I have time I will work on another scene and so on.

Storyboard & Retention Span of Children

Next is to storyboard the scene. I plan on having a 10 second animation of little cube characters interacting with the background and an accident happens. I want the animation to remain short due to children’s attention span at the age of 4-5. I have been trying to find out retention guidelines for children but nothing comes up for animation, word and sentence limits, only word limits for books.

What I have found out though is the attention span average between the ages of 4-5 is between 5-10 minutes depending on how interesting and fun the activity is. I plan on having the total length of the animations about 1 minute or even less, while a little activity is played afterward to help remind the children what was taught. My supervisor will be helping me gather information on guidelines of retention limits for children from his connections which will be extremely useful.

Attention Span

Animation & Instruction Video

At the end of the scene the child presses the screen and it directs to a YouTube video stream I will make in 3D Studio Max. The video I will make will be an instructional video to show the child what to do in the situation such as the accident played out.

The main character for the scene will narrate what to do and as they mention a step, an icon pops up on the bottom of the screen which represents the step in the process. After completing the first aid treatment, all the icons appear at the bottom. I plan on having the icons as the marker for each of the scenarios. They could also be printed on cards for the children to take home and scan and use again with their parents.

What I want to achieve is repetition of the steps to teach the children the steps. This method works well with kids to help retain the information.

Think: Green Cross Code

The Green Cross Code itself is a short step-by-step procedure designed to enable pedestrians to cross streets safely. This was highly targeted to children and it was memorable with the singing and animation. While the Code has undergone several changes over the years, the basic tenets (“Stop, Look, Listen, Think” or “Stop Look Listen Live”.) have remained more or less the same.

Stop Look Listen Live

Do you remember the cute little hedgehog in the road safety campaign for children? It certainly was memorable for children, check it out if you haven’t seen it:


Illustrations & Pop-Up

I need to work out the style of the background  for my project and the pop-up piece’s so I need to test this out and finalize the style. I’m still considering vector style similar to the Powerpuff Girls background art and possibly isometric, but I need to not overcomplicate things and give myself too much work that I can’t complete in time.

Powerpuff Girls Background Art

The pop-ups will take some time to work out and plan as I have experienced before during semester one. I need to do sketches, a quick prototype and print the real thing off with the graphics designed and ready to be folded together.

Augmented Reality

The less polygons I have in one scene the more animation Junaio can cope with smoothly. As I have modelled my characters at a minimal of 300 and below polygons, I will have no limitation on length of animation. Though I will keep the animation to 10 seconds. I did a sting for one of my university projects which was 10 seconds long so I have an understanding of timely etc. I will upload it soon as reference.

I will be doing a sound tutorial next week with my supervisor on Junaio. The sound required will be noises from the little cube characters in the scene playing out the accident.

Instruction Video

The instruction video is not constrained to the limits of Juanio which is brilliant! I will be able to put in effects, lighting conditions, more detailed textures and the lip sync will work much better.

My Final Idea

Before you open the pop-up book there will be a marker on the front that you can scan and the 4 main characters appear introducing themselves. (Possibly folding up into the characters from a piece of paper if I have time?). Then you open up the circular pop-up and hold the device over one of the markers in one of the scenarios and an AR animation will appear. This will play out an accident with cube characters acting out the scene. After the animation, which will be about 10 seconds long, the child presses the screen (or an icon?) to stream a Youtube video I will make in 3D Studio Max. The main character for the scenario will tell the children watching, the easy to follow steps that they can carry out in this situation. Each time a step is revealed, an icon representing the step pops up on the bottom of the screen. Eventually after all the steps are covered, all the icons appear and the animation ends. This can be replayed over and over again.

The follow-up activity to recap the lesson will hopefully be in the form of cards each with an icon of the steps and the child can try put them in the correct order.

3rd Scenario – Treat a Cut & Graze

My main character to narrate this scenario will be Doctor Panda.

Doctor Panda

Falls are a major cause of injury in young children. Climbing to new and adventurous heights, young children may fall off playground equipment, bikes, down stairs, from trees, out of windows, and off roofs. That is why I want to create a scenario regarding a cut/graze so young children know just what to do in that situation.

Boy Swinging from Tree

What I have in Mind & Research

Doctor Panda is going to explain the situation and run through what needs to be done to treat a cut/graze with 3 easy to follow steps.  There are actually many steps you can take to treat a cut/graze and I found the following steps from: http://www.elastoplast.com.au/instant-help/health-and-protection/cuts-and-grazes

  1. Wash hands
  2. Clean Wound
  3. Cover the cut/graze with a plaster

The site also went into more detail about the steps to take:

Steps for treating a cut/graze Steps for treating a cut/graze Steps for treating a cut/graze

3 Step Lesson
The key steps I want to highlight for the children would be to make sure the area is safe, calm the hurt person, wash your hands and the cut/graze carefully, put a plaster on the cut/graze and lastly to tell an adult and call 999 if the cut/graze is very bad.
  1. Check – Make sure the area is safe for both you and the hurt person and then try calm the hurt person
  2. Care – Wash your hands and the cut/graze carefully with cold water and dry before putting a plaster on
  3. Call – Tell an adult and if the cut/graze is very bad (bleeding is very bad and does not stop) call 999 for an ambulance


What I imagine to happen is for two cubes (extra characters) playing outside near a tree and one climbs up the tree. The tree will be a pop-up feature which the AR (augmented reality) interacts with and the tree may be made by origami. Then the cube up on the tree falls and grazes its face. (As the characters don’t have limbs I have decided to apply the graze on the face). The little cube that falls begins to cry and is very upset. The other cube checks the area is safe, calms the hurt cube and wash its hands and then the graze. It drys the area and applies a cute plaster on the graze. And lastly the cube tells an adult (possibly heading towards Doctor Panda to tell him). I will have Doctor Panda explaining that if the cut/graze is very bad (bleeding is very bad and does not stop) call 999 for an ambulance for help.

2nd Scenario – Treating a Burn

My main character for this scenario will be Fireman Chicky/Chick to teach the children how to treat a burn. (Baby chick image from Chicks in Hats).

Cute Baby Chicken
Kitchens are a prime area for young children to get burned, either while trying to help cook or coming in contact with appliances that are still hot. They may accidentally spill a cup of hot tea or be too close to a lit fireplace. Young children are curious, small, and have sensitive skin that needs extra protection.

It is a good idea to teach children what to do in a situation when they or someone else accidentally burn themselves, so they can do what is necessary as soon as possible before the burn gets worse.

Spilled Coffee

What I have in mind for this scenario is for the main character, Fireman Chicky, to explain the situation of a child being burnt from a cup of coffee and what do to. An animation in the background, which interacts with the pop-ups, will play using AR from Junaio. I haven’t figured out the storyboard yet as I am working out the 4 scenarios to help me with the textures of each of my characters and the extra plain cube characters in the background.

3 Step Lesson

  1. Check – Make sure the area is safe, move away from the danger i.e. the spilled hot cup of coffee
  2. Care – Put the affected area under cold running water for at least 10 minutes and dry carefully  (apply cling film if possible)
  3. Call – Tell an adult and if it is really bad, call 999

Cooling a Burn

I need to ask First Aid Aware about the steps and make sure they are correct. The cling film may be a step too far as the child may not be able to access them as they are high up, they could be tricky to use and there may be sharp edges (used to tear the cling film) which would be dangerous.

On my 999 scenario the steps were Check, Call and Care, which may be confusing for the burn accident as Care comes before Call. I think I need to think about how to phrase the steps to not confuse the children.


What I imagine to happen in the animation is two little cube characters (extras) playing in a room (kitchen/sitting room?) and one bumps into the table and spills the cup of coffee. The little cube gets in contact with the hot coffee and is crying and upset. The other cube knows what to do and Fireman Chicky is narrating what to do in this situation. The cube moves themself and the other cube away from the danger, runs the burn area under cooling water and tells and adult. If the burn is very bad they will call 999.

999 Emergency Situation

I’ve been researching when you should call 999 and I’m not really sure what emergency situation I should show the children. The children will be aged between 4-5 and there would be a limit to what they understand and what they can handle at such a young age so I need to consider the situation carefully.

Here are some examples of when to call 999:

Always call 999 if someone is seriously ill or injured, and their life is at risk.

  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Unconsciousness
  • Severe loss of blood
  • Severe burns or scalds
  • Choking
  • Fitting or concussion
  • Downing
  • Severe allergic reactions

But what should I demonstrate? I know I will already be having my other scenarios based on a nose bleed, taking care of a cut/graze and treating a burn so that helps narrow the situation down.

I think I will go for unconsciousness and tell the children to check if the person is unresponsive, and if not, they should get help from an adult and call 999 for an ambulance.


The Situation

To be precise I would first teach the children to make sure the area is safe for the child and the unconcious person. (Check) Then tell them to talk to the person and touch them to see if they are responsive. If the person is not then they need to get healp from an adult and call 999. (Call) To call 999 they need to use their house phone, pick up the receiver and press 999. If there is no house phone for whatever reason they should use a mobile phone. An operator will answer the phone and ask questions such as what is their full name, where they are, what the situation is and the operator will be able to know they need to sent out an ambulance. The last step for the child is to stay with the unconcious person till the ambulance arrives. (Care)

Three C's Of First Aid

I think naming the 3 steps Check, Call and Care will be suitable and I will just have the main character explaining what they mean by each step.

Toy Store Cardboard Box Augmented Reality

Can kids have fun with something free and with no instructions?

I came across this interesting concept of opening up a cardboard toy shop were the children can choose a piece of cardboard and be creative and imaginative as they want with it.

There was a separate room for the children to do arts and crafts and even had an augmented reality station, where kids can hold up their boxes with a QR code to the computer screen, and it will turn that box into a toy. Just a little help to get kids’ imaginations going.

Check it out and see the happy kids!

Mummy Bunny First Aid Scenario

The first scenario will deal with how to dial 999 and when to call the emergency services by providing an example of an emergency. I’ve been looking into this topic and I have found out a lot of things.

999 Emergency Services

Why should children learn to dial 999?

A mother was having an anaphylactic shock and her 2 1/2 year old daughter dialed 999 and managed to state her full name, age and address to the operator. This is pretty amazing right? Your never to young to learn to learn first aid. You can find all the information on the following link: http://www.therealsupermumblog.com/2011/04/teach-children-basic-emergency-response/

Statistics have shown, children aged 4-5 can learn basic first aid including dialing 999 in an emergency situation. Not many children know how to do this and if they do, they may not know what situation is an ’emergency’ and dial the number when not necessary. It is important to be clear to the children what kind of situation is an emergency and requires them to dial 999. A child’s concept of ’emergency’ can be different from an adults so letting the child know that losing their toy or dialing 999 as a joke is not an emergency. It’s important that children know they should call 999 in the above circumstances if there are no adults around, their call could save a person’s life.

The 3 Step Simple Lesson

I can’t overcomplicated this lesson for the children as the maximum steps I can teach children aged 4-5 is up to 3. So, to teach how and when the child should dial 999, I will provide them with 3 easy to follow steps which cover the basics.

An example of the 3 steps could be:

The 3 C’s of First Aid

  1. (Check) Make sure the area is safe for you and the injured person
  2. (Call) Tell and adult and call 999
  3. (Care) Stay and comfort the injured person

Step 1 Check

These will be the 3 key steps but for each one I will include a little more detail to explain what the steps mean. For this scenario I could play out an emergency situation and explain the hazards to watch out for and if the coast is clear they move onto the next step. The child needs to understand that they are safe before continuing onto the next step.

Step 2 Call

If an adult is present the child can call for their aid first. However, if no adult is nearby, the child will dial 999 in an emergency. But it isn’t as simple as that as the child needs to know what to do after dialling 999. In a medical emergency the child will be asked to supply information to the operator such as their full name, address, the emergency situation etc. This will help prepare the child on what to expect and boost their confidence as they know what to do. This also gives the operator enough information on what emergency service to provide (fire brigade, police or ambulance).

It is most ideal for the child to use a house phone to dial 999 rather than a mobile phone as the Emergency Services automatically receive the phone number, address and household name of the caller so they are able to trace calls without having to rely on information given to them by the caller, which is particularly useful in the case of a child who is unable to remember or communicate such vital details to the operator. But if they are not able to use the house phone for whatever reason, it’s important children realise they can use a mobile phone if necessary.

999 Emergency Services

More Advice for Children

To help the ambulance or fire service understand where you are and what has happened, speak as clearly and calmly as you can. Try not to rush your words or the operator won’t be able to understand you.

Don’t hang up until the operator tells you to. The operator needs to have all the info they need to get to you a quickly as possible.

step 3 Care

The last step is to ensure the comfort and safety of both the injured person and the child and keep the situation under control whilst they wait for the emergency services.

Final Thoughts

I will finalise the steps and information when I research the terminology that the children will understand and the amount of sentences I can use per animation for the first aid scenarios.

What is First Aid and Why is it Important?

First aid is: help given to a person who has been hurt or is suddenly taken ill. First aid is the steps you can take before a person gets expert medical help. First aid can sometimes save a person’s life, but more often it is help given in an everyday accident or illness.

First Aid includes:

  1. Staying safe yourself
  2. Looking out for danger
  3. Helping someone feel better and stay calm.
  4. Getting help – either by telling an adult or phoning 999.

My 4 lessons for children

I think for the 4 lessons included in my project I will have lessons on the following:

  1. Staying Safe
  2. Getting help from an adult or dialling 999
  3. Treating a burn
  4. Treating a cut/graze

Each of the scenarios will have three simple steps for the children to follow. I will provide the children with a fun assessment activity sheet to recap the lesson and make sure they understand what was taught.

Mummy Bunny Character

After pondering whether the bunny will be a teacher or a mother I’ve decided to go for a mummy bunny. Why? Because I want to let the children know that they can get help from their parents, not just doctors, nurses and firemen. I want to let them know that grown ups can help them.

Inspiration for Mummy Bunny

When I was researching images for mother’s to define a prop my character could have, what generally came up was aprons. I want the character to have a clear indication that it is a mother but other than an apron it seems to be the immediate indication that it would represent a mother. I think I will go ahead with this approach. The apron will be textured onto the 3D bunny model, but I might have a look into making it out of origami. If I do model the apron I need to make sure the polygon count remains at 2,000 or below.

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